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Press Release 2/98

Too many impurities in light recovered paper

Paper board impedes utilisation of recovered paper for the manufacture of newsprint and superior papers

Paper recyclers start systematic inspections of the raw material delivered

Since the introduction of the German "Dual System" for recovery of recyclable materials, the volume of recovered paper has increased, while, at the same time, recovered paper quality continues to deteriorate. Hardly any container, box or sack does merely contain what it has been intended for: sometimes even building rubble is being discarded anonymously, comfortably and cheaply in the container round the corner. To be able to utilise this mixture for the manufacture of newsprint and, to a rising extent, also of superior graphic papers, diligent manual assembly line screening is required.

Sorted recovered paper is classified into specified grades. Negotiations between recovered paper merchants and paper mills in Germany are based on this grade index. Depending on quality, prices differ considerably. Deinking-grade recovered paper ("D 39") is the prime raw material used for the manufacture of newsprint or hygiene papers. Deinking-grade recovered paper comprises a mixture which has to contain at least 40 per cent of both newspapers and magazines obtained from household collections. The overall maximum content of tolerated "undesirable substances" amounts to one percent. These comprise, in particular, paper board that is not suited for the manufacture of newsprint, but also impurities such as plastics or metal.

However, the sorted recovered paper delivered to the paper mills more and more frequently contains too much paper board or impurities. It is increasingly difficult for paper mills to obtain a product of constant quality from such recovered paper. Moreover, paper mills have to cover the costs incurred for the disposal of material which actually was not supposed to be delivered to them.

Within INGEDE, paper manufacturers now have agreed on a uniform entry inspection for recovered paper so as to avoid varying quality. Finally, prices also are based on recovered paper specifications - and nobody likes to pay for a product which does not live up to what is stated on the label.

At the same time, INGEDE calls on communities in charge of waste paper collection to better inform their citizens on what does not belong in the paper container.

INGEDE is an association of leading European paper manufacturers aiming at promoting utilisation of light waste paper (newsprint and magazines) and improving the conditions for an extended use of waste paper for the production of graphic and hygiene papers.

22 June 1998

Detailed informations about "entry inspection for recovered paper" can be found at a newly prepared key-word which is part of the "Paper Recycling Index", a series of informations that are continuously revised by experts for INGEDE. A survey of the key-words prepared so far can be found here on the INGEDE website in the internet. Yet it is only available in German, the english translation follows during the late summer 1998. For the German index see "Faktensammlung Papierrecycling", for the English key-word "entry inspection" click here.

If you have any questions we will try to help you.

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Last update: June 24, 1998